Gingivitis Causes And Treatment

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums that occurs because of a film of bacteria that accumulate on the teeth, known as plaque. This condition of gums is termed as plaque-induced gingivitis.

It is a common and mild form of gum disease and if not taken care of in time may lead to other severe gum diseases such as periodontitis resulting in tooth loss.


  • Gums turn dark red or red-purple.
  • Gums become tender and painful to touch.
  • Gums bleed easily while brushing or flossing.
  • Bad breath.
  • Inflammation (swollen or puffy gums).
  • Receding Gums.
  • Soft Gums.


  • Dental plaque – It is formed by bacteria that stick to the surface of teeth. Plaque and tartar irritate the gums; this eventually causes gingivitis. In addition to this, small spaces, also referred to as ‘pockets,’ develop between gums and teeth. Many serious problems such as sensitive teeth or periodontitis may occur if this is left unattended.
  • Hormonal changes – This may take place during puberty, menopause, the menstrual cycle, and pregnancy. The gums become more sensitive, triggering inflammation.
  • Some diseases – During some illnesses such as cancer, diabetes, and HIV, gums may easily develop gingivitis.
  • Drugs – Some medications may affect oral health, especially if saliva flow is reduced. Anti-convulsant and anti-angina medications dry the mouth and cause abnormal growth of gum tissue.
  • Cigarette smoking – When compared to nonsmokers, regular smokers develop gingivitis more commonly.
  • Use of tobacco – It reduces the flow of blood and nutrients to the gum tissues causing gingivitis.
  • Age – As one gets older, the risk of gingivitis increases.
  • Poor diet – Unhealthy food habits, especially a diet deficient in vitamin C.
  • Poor oral hygiene – Overly aggressive oral hygiene such as brushing with stiff bristles may lead to gingivitis. Not brushing and flossing daily is a significant cause. Also, improper brushing and flossing techniques can expose one to gum diseases.
  • Mouth-breathing – Breathing through the mouth while sleeping adds to the bacteria in the mouth.
  • Low dental care utilization – Avoiding regular dental check-ups due to fear, financial problems, or other reasons.
  • Family history – Experts believe that people whose parent(s) has/had gingivitis, have a much higher risk of developing it too. This is due to the kind of bacteria we acquire during our early life.
  • Some dental problems, such as crooked teeth, badly fitted crowns or bridges, may make it harder to properly remove plaque and tartar.
Gingivitis- Causes And Treatment
Gingivitis Treatments


By dental professional: Plaque and tartar are removed by the dentist. This procedure is known as scaling. Some find scaling uncomfortable and extremely painful, especially if tartar build-up is extensive, or the gums are profoundly tender.

The dental root cleaning and scaling may often be followed with more cleaning sessions if necessary.

That said, it is equally important to build and maintain good oral hygiene. Some steps have been simplified just for you:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice daily.
  • Floss your teeth one or more times in a day.
  • Rinse your mouth with an antiseptic mouthwash after each meal if possible. Ask your dentist to recommend you one.


Early detection of Gingivitis (Gingivitis: Causes, symptoms, and treatment) Disease is critical. It improves patient comfort and minimizes further structural damage to the teeth and supporting bone structure. If you’ve noticed any of the symptoms or suspect that you may have gum disease it is advised that you visit your local dental consultant at the earliest.

We recommend consulting Palo Alto Dentist, Dr.  Shadi Heidarian. Dr. Heidarian has been practicing state-of-the-art general and cosmetic dentistry for over past 12 years and is the Best dental professional in Palo Alto. She is proud to provide her patients with the best care, treatment options, patient comfort and with best in dental technology and treatments. Dr. Heidarian leads a team of highly skilled staff that together promises high standards, quality services, uncompromising safety and a positive experience to their patients.

Tulsa Dentist
Tulsa Dentist

Dr. Heidarian is a member of American Dental Association, California Dental Association, and Mid-Peninsula Dental Society. She strives to stay up-to-date on innovative technologies and advancement in the field through further education.

If you are looking for a Dentist in Palo Alto, then she is highly recommended and is the most sought-after dentist. Immediately acting upon gingivitis can save you from a lot of pain, trouble, and expense shortly. It can also keep you away from other severe forms of gum diseases and probable tooth loss as discussed earlier. Only a dental professional can detect and treat gingivitis even before the symptoms become painful and noticeable to you. So hurry up, call for an appointment Now!



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