Your teeth are not very different from your skin. It absorbs anything in the pores that are put in your mouth just like a sponge. Some food tends to leave stains after being absorbed by the teeth like coffee, dark berries, and wine. Smoking also has a discoloration effect on the teeth. The natural look and color of the teeth darken eventually due to the accumulation of the stains. Mere brushing cannot remove the stains and requires treatment.
Whitening your teeth is the quickest and easiest way of obtaining a bright smile. It is the best way of enhancing the smile in the most noninvasive way. The procedure of teeth whitening is preferred by everyone as they are budget friendly and requires very fewer efforts regardless of if the sessions are at your dentist’s office or if the home treatment is being used. This treatment has known to give useful results in almost all cases. A moderate improvement in the whiteness of the smile is seen in people opting for this treatment. It is not a permanent or a long-term solution and requires precautions and regular dental visits.
What caused the discoloration of your teeth?
Many daily habits cause the discoloration of teeth.
- Drinks and food: The leading causes for the staining of the teeth are red wine, tea, and coffee. Chromogens are the intense coloring pigments present in this food that tend to stick to the outermost surface of the teeth.
- Use of tobacco: Tar and nicotine are the stains causing agents that present in the tobacco. Tar is dark in color naturally and can easily stain the teeth. Nicotine requires being mixed with oxygen to cause the yellowish stain on the teeth.
- Age factor: The thinner layer under the hard layer of enamel called dentin has a yellowish color. Over the time due to brushing the outer layer tends to wear off exposing the dentin causing a yellowish appearance of the teeth.
- Trauma: Trauma is also known to change the natural whitish color of teeth due to the exposure of dentin.
- Drugs and medications: Few drugs like antipsychotics, high blood pressure drugs and antihistamines are known to darken the color of the teeth. Antibiotics like doxycycline and tetracycline stains the teeth of young children who are exposed to them.
How does teeth whitening work?
Teeth whitening has proven to be an ideal procedure in healthy teeth with no restoration and disease free gums. Patients having the yellow discoloration are known to give the best results. It is a cosmetic procedure that can be carried out either in the dentist’s office or at home. Here the options available to you.
- Whitening toothpaste: The usual kinds of toothpaste have mild abrasives that help us to remove the surface stains while brushing. However, some toothpaste that is specially made for whitening contain certain chemical and polishing agents. These kind of kinds of toothpaste are unable to bleach and only remove the stains on the surface. Carbamide peroxide and hydrogen peroxide are the main agents that help in the lightening of the dark color of the teeth. The effect of the whitening toothpaste is low as compared to the treatment performed by the dentist in their office.
- In office bleaching: The procedure is also called chairside bleaching and is the quickest way to whiten the teeth. It is the most preferred way as stronger agents are applied which makes the procedure more effective. The procedure requires just one dental visit and the product is directly applied to the teeth. The gums and the other parts of the mouth are protected using a protective gel or a rubber dam. The teeth can brighten up to eight to ten shades brighter than it was in just one hour. The application of the product to the teeth is usually followed by curing it with heat, laser or a special light. Usually, an hour-long treatment is enough, but several appointments could be required for the best results.
- At home bleaching: Your dentist will provide you with a peroxide containing whitening gel and a tray as a home bleach treatment kit. A whitening strip that sticks to the outer surface of your teeth can also be used. The concentration of the agent or gel used at home is less as compared to the one used in the dental office. Only an ADA accepted bleaching agent should be used.
Related Article: Cosmetic Dentistry For A White Bright And Healthy Smile
Berlin Dentist, Dr. Roman Fedorciw, recommends visiting a dentist if you are unhappy with the way your teeth looks and he/she will guide you to the perfect treatment option that will leave you with a bright and confident smile.